West Windsor, N.J. – There was something for everyone to embrace and explore during Mercer County Community College's (MCCC's) Study Tour to Cuba May 18-25. The itinerary provided MCCC students with insights galore into the history, music, art, food, religion, ecology, architecture, agriculture and politics of this once off-limits island nation.
As Cuban relations with the United States improve, the ten students say they were grateful to be there at a time when the Cuban nation is on the cusp of change. And they note that every activity on their packed agenda provided yet another fascinating perspective on Cuban society. They and the two professors who accompanied them, Dr. Gianna Durso-Finley (Sociology) and Daniel D’Arpa (Spanish), agreed that the trip was the experience of a lifetime.
Among the highlights of the itinerary were a tour of the Workshop School, where high school graduates learn the art of restoring the ancient buildings of Old Havana; a presentation on U.S./Cuba relations by a professor at the Center for Hemispheric and United States Studies at the University of Havana; a visit to a Havana neighborhood that has been turned into a giant art installation involving local artisans and houses; and Las Terrazas, an eco-community located in the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Sierra del Rosario in the western province of Pinar del Rio. Students also visited the Children's Academy of Baseball, elementary and secondary schools, a community health clinic, and a tobacco farm.
The travelers had a chance to sit down and reflect on their newfound knowledge and perspectives at a debrief session on June 11. Several themes emerged from the wide-ranging discussion. One was an altered view of the Cuban form of communism.
Sociology student Brendon Pearsall noted that Americans think of Cuba as a restrictive society, but that did not match their experience. “People were friendly and proud of their country, and they were happy to share with us. Even those in an official capacity were candid about the flaws in their system,” he said.
Health care was of particular interest to Bridget Phelan, who earned her MCCC degree in Health Science in May and plans to next study nursing at Mercer. “They have a three-tiered system: the neighborhood doctor, the community clinic and the city hospital. The doctors know everyone,” she said.
Pearsall added that health statistics are carefully tracked and Durso-Finley observed that health care workers are proactive and prevention focused. “They will knock on doors to give medications,” she said.
With Internet access virtually non-existent, the students had to adjust to not being able to check their phones or Facebook accounts. For some it was a welcome relief.
Said Rachel Levitt, who focused on women’s studies at Mercer and graduated in May, “I enjoyed the media blackout. There was no media pressure. There were no ads. The people seemed happy with what they had and happy with themselves.”
D’Arpa also appreciated a respite from the Internet. “It allowed us to get immersed in the culture. There is so much history and spectacular architecture to absorb. Havana is one of the most beautiful cities in the world,” he said, adding that his mother emigrated to the United States from Cuba so the trip took on a valuable personal dimension for him.
The students noted that despite its poverty, Cuba has developed an economic system that appears to be working for them. Business major Roham Nejad was impressed with the resourcefulness of the Cuban people. “Ours is a disposable society. There, the cars are old, but they make them work. People try to master a lot of different skills.”
Students also gave Cuba’s educational system high marks. School is mandatory through 9th grade and then students decide on an academic or vocational track. The university system is free and the government places graduates in jobs for two years in a type of apprenticeship program where they get paid a small wage. The crime rate is low and homelessness is virtually non-existent. Families live in multigenerational housing and there are no nursing homes.
“The things we struggle with – student loans, health care bills and the acquisition of material possessions – they don’t have to deal with that,” Pearsall said.
Students also approved of Cuba’s approach to food and agriculture. “Cuba has been forced to practice agriculture on a small scale in a way that many in the U.S. are now trying to embrace,” said Virginia Kerr, a community member and college professor who went on the trip. “They don’t mass produce and or use chemicals.”
Indeed, Cuban food was a highlight every day. Eating in small cafes and traditional restaurants, students found that food was usually served family style in multiple courses.
“Everything was fresh, organic and flavorful,” said Nejad, who also enjoyed Cuba’s world famous cigars. Professor Durso-Finley, a vegetarian, ate mounds of fried root vegetables, including yucca, a vegetable not typically found in U.S. markets. Rice and bean dishes were a menu staple.
Cubans’ appreciation for their art and architecture was very much on display, including areas where murals were plentiful and beautiful old buildings are being painstakingly restored by artisans. “Their society, their arts, and their culture have thrived,” Phelan noted.
The pace of life was very much remarked upon. Nejad observed, “The American work ethic doesn’t always give you time to appreciate life. In Cuba they work hard, but they also seem to take time to enjoy life.”
So is life in Cuba simpler than in the U.S.? Students were careful not to impose American standards on what they experienced – as a good sociologist should, according to Durso-Finley.
“You can study sociology anywhere,” Durso-Finley said. “The idea is not to judge other cultures. You want to experience it but also to step back and analyze. This was an incredible ‘living lab’ for our students.”
Pearsall notes that the trip was about expanding horizons. “We got to see another way to live, another human experience, another way to find happiness and fulfillment. The people there are flourishing. There is no way to put this in a textbook.”
According to Durso-Finley and D’Arpa, the MCCC students could not have been better ambassadors for the college and the United States. “They were respectful to our speakers, they listened attentively, and they asked good questions. They were fully immersed in the experience,” Durso-Finley said.
Study Abroad opportunities at Mercer include two paths to international education: a Semester Abroad and short-term, faculty-led Study Tours. Both take students outside the traditional classroom to learn about and experience world culture, business, history, art, science and more.
Since 2010, the program has hosted Study Tours to Amsterdam, Costa Rica (three), Italy, London, Paris, Poland, and South Africa.
To learn more about Study Abroad at Mercer, click here or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Note: Photos used in this article were provided courtesy of Jennifer Vitella.
Outside the Art Museum in Havana, from left, Theodis Ratliff, Brendon Pearsall (back), Bridget Phelan, Jennifer Vitella, Virginia Kerr, Angie Barbush, Prof. Durso-Finley, Rachel Levitt, Barbara Costabile, Roham Nejad, Prof. D'Arpa and LaTanya Richardson.