STEM Students Without the Humanities’ Roots Fail to Thrive

Education Should Not be Reduced to Trend-Sensitive Skills Training

 

Current distinctions between STEM (science technology, engineering & mathematics) and both the “liberal arts” and humanities are affective in educational policy and practice decisions of late. I placed the “liberal arts” in quotes because the current dichotomy with STEM is an artifact of the historically recent severing of the STEM disciplines from the classical liberal arts. The Liberal Arts were a unity with discernable aspects or areas, before being seemingly combined and divided into the Trivium and the Quadrivium. These liberal arts are traceable back to the ancient Greeks’ educational approach of Paideia, with Grammar, Rhetoric and Logic being identified in Plato’s writings that came to be called the Trivium later. These core critical thinking about the components of perceptional arts were common to and foundational to what came to be called the Quadrivium consisting of the basic kinds of perceived as numerable things: Arithmetic, basic to all quantifiables, Geometry, dealing with space, Music, dealing with time (and unseen order, or logos), and Astronomy or Cosmology, dealing with space and time. This old unity of the liberal arts, of the humanities and the sciences, distinguished yet of a whole, predate the more current division of the liberal arts, generally amounting to the humanities plus the social sciences, from the STEM disciplines. The current trend of keying on STEM needs, while easily stipulated to, need not entail the diversion of priorities and resources away from the rest of a solid general education. What follows are some links about the related issues.

 

Critics of the Liberal Arts Are Wrong: http://ideas.time.com/2013/06/19/our-economy-can-still-support-liberal-arts-majors/

Why Get a Liberal Arts Degree? The Cost: http://umaine.edu/clasadvisingcenter/faqs/why-get-a-liberal-arts-degree-the-cost/

Move over, Stem: why the world needs humanities graduates:  http://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/blog/2014/mar/19/humanities-universities-global-stem

World Economic Forum - Why teaching humanities improves innovation: https://agenda.weforum.org/2014/09/stem-education-humanities-creativity-innovation/

Liberal Arts vs. STEM: The Right Degrees, The Wrong Debate: http://www.forbes.com/sites/sergeiklebnikov/2015/06/19/liberal-arts-vs-stem-the-right-degrees-the-wrong-debate/

The Major Divide: Humanities vs. STEM Majors: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/elaina-provencio/the-major-divide-humaniti_b_6582436.html

The False STEM vs. Liberal Arts Dichotomy: http://www.artsci.com/news/item/index.aspx?pageaction=ViewSinglePublic&LinkID=261&ModuleID=174

Oh, The Humanities! Why STEM shouldn't take Precedence over the Arts: https://humanities.asu.edu/oh-humanities-why-stem-shouldnt-take-precedence-over-arts

Humanities vs. STEM, Redux: https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2014/08/18/new-study-assesses-humanities-impact-credits-earned-not-majors-declared

At MIT, the humanities are just as important as STEM: https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2014/04/30/mit-humanities-are-just-important-stem/ZOArg1PgEFy2wm4ptue56I/story.html#

American Academy of Arts & Sciences - Humanities Indicators Project: http://www.humanitiesindicators.org/

The Risky English Major? Not So Fast.: http://www.usnews.com/opinion/knowledge-bank/2015/05/11/stem-fields-benefit-from-liberal-arts-skills

‘Beyond the University: Why Liberal Education Matters’ by Michael S. Roth - Review: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/beyond-the-university-why-liberal-education-matters-by-michael-s-roth/2014/05/23/a911b3fe-cef2-11e3-937f-d3026234b51c_story.html

The employability myth of the humanities: http://www.dailycal.org/2014/03/07/employability-myth-humanities/

STEM vs. the humanities. One, the other, a combination? Students discuss: http://college.usatoday.com/2014/05/13/stem-vs-the-humanities-one-the-other-a-combination-students-discuss/

New Evidence: There is No Science-Education Crisis: http://www.newrepublic.com/article/114608/stem-funding-dwarfs-humanities-only-one-crisis

The Humanities Vs. The Sciences: Who Wins Out?: http://thoughtcatalog.com/skylar-grogan/2014/02/the-humanities-vs-the-sciences-who-wins-out/

Myth: A Liberal Arts Education Is Becoming Irrelevant: http://www.acenet.edu/the-presidency/columns-and-features/Pages/Myth-A-Liberal-Arts-Education-Is-Becoming-Irrelevant.aspx

The Decline of Humanities: http://blog.talkingphilosophy.com/?p=7629 

Is The Distinction Between STEM And The Humanities Obsolete?: http://www.science20.com/the_conversation/is_the_distinction_between_stem_and_the_humanities_obsolete-152870

Humanities and Science Must Work Together: http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/11/04/the-fate-of-the-humanities/humanities-and-science-must-work-together

Don’t Defund Humanities: They’re Crucial to the Economy, Too: http://www.knewton.com/blog/ceo-jose-ferreira/stem-vs-humanities/

STEM and the Humanities: Better Together: http://virginiahumanities.org/2014/07/stem-and-the-humanities-better-together/

Humanities vs. STEM: Which degree is better for a job in private equity?: http://www.carlyle.com/content/humanities-vs-stem-which-degree-better-job-private-equity

The Fate of the Humanities: http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/11/04/the-fate-of-the-humanities

STEM Education Versus Humanities: https://eduflow.wordpress.com/2013/10/21/stem-education-versus-humanities/

Why a Liberal Arts Education Matters: http://www.inc.com/why-a-liberal-arts-education-matters.html

The Real Reason the Humanities Are 'in Crisis': http://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2013/12/the-real-reason-the-humanities-are-in-crisis/282441/

STEM vs Humanities: Why Both are Needed for Analytics: https://www.govloop.com/community/blog/stem-vs-humanities-needed-analytics/

State of the debate. Chimes against humanities: http://gelookahead.economist.com/degree-state-of-the-debate-chimes-against-humanities/

National Endowment for the Humanities and STEM Funding Opportunities: http://informalscience.org/perspectives/blog/national-endowment-for-the-humanities-and-stem-funding-opportunities

Why STEM Should Care About the Humanities: http://chronicle.com/blogs/conversation/2013/04/12/why-stem-should-care-about-the-humanities/

Troubadour or techie? The liberal arts vs. STEM debate ramps up: http://getschooled.blog.ajc.com/2015/03/31/troubadour-or-techie-the-liberal-arts-vs-stem-debate-ramps-up/

America Is Raising A Generation Of Kids Who Can't Think Or Write Clearly http://www.businessinsider.com/the-war-against-humanities-2013-6

Make sciences and humanities equally difficult: http://www.browndailyherald.com/2014/09/16/editorial-make-sciences-humanities-equally-difficult/

Management as a Liberal Art at Stanford: http://www.edbatista.com/2012/07/management-as-a-liberal-art-at-stanford.html