Double quotation marks (") are used to
a) indicate the beginning and the end of the exact words of a speaker.
Ken said, “I forgot the mail.”
Jessie asked, “Can you get the mail now?”
b) indicate the titles of poems, short stories, speeches, songs, and essays which are short works or part of a larger work – an essay or article from a book or magazine, a short story, an episode of a television show, etc. (The title of the larger work is italicized or underlined.)
“Thunder Road” is one of the songs on Bruce Springsteen’s Born To Run album.
c) indicate words or phrases when their meaning has been modified. Using quotation marks this way should be done infrequently.
Her “dream” man turned out to be a nightmare.
d) indicate a particular word or its definition.
The word “saga” means “a long, detailed account.”
Single quotation marks ( ' ) are used to indicate a quotation within a quotation. Use single quotation marks to enclose the material quoted by an author; use double quotation marks to enclose the entire passage being quoted.
Original: “Courtesy” manifests itself in many quaint forms appalling to the New Yorker. – Russell Baker
Quoted: When Russell Baker said, “ ‘Courtesy’ manifests itself in many quaint forms appalling to the New Yorker”, he was making a statement about the manners of many New Yorkers.
More punctuation guides
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